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INTENSE CONFLICT ZONES IN THE AFRICAN UNION

Burundi
DRC
Nigeria
Uganda
Sudan




Democratic Republic of Congo


Following the adoption, by the Political Committee of the African Union and the Joint Military Commission (JMC), of a disengagement plan for belligerent forces during a series of meetings in Kampala in the first week of April, 2000, the military commanders of the belligerents in the DRC were given orders to by the Political Committee to cease hostilities.

Consequently the belligerents "agreed to a complete cessation of hostilities from 14 April," confirmed UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan's spokesman, Fred Eckhard, in a statement on Monday, 11 April, 2000. The belligerents were required to ensure "security and full freedom of access, and of movement" for UN personnel.
Below: Lendu Villagers    
The JMC and the UN Observer Mission in the DRC (MONUC) are responsible to monitor and verify the disengagement of forces, while MONUC is also be required to monitor and verify the various combatants' movements.

Kivu Region is the most affected by the war, however the whole of the territory east of the River Congo, from Gbadolite in the northwest, to Mbuji Mayi in the south, and Kalemie on lake Tanganyika in the southeast, is afflicted with sporadic clashes involving more than a dozen autonomous armies.    
    
Armed forces operating in the region include, Forces de Defense pour la Democratie [FDD], Rassemblement Congolais pour la Democratie [RCD], Rwandese Patriotic Army [RPA], Uganda Peoples Defense Force [UPDF], the Allied Democratic Forces, the National Liberation Forces [NLF], and the militias of the Mayi Mayi, Lendu, and Hema.    

Kabila is Stalling Peace Process
MONUC Force to be Raised to 10,000
    



UGANDA

Uganda has experienced war for most of the period begining in 1978. The worst affected region is northern Uganda, including the areas surrounding Arua, Kitgum, Gulu and Moroto in the northeast.

As of November 2001, the 4th Division of the Uganda People's Defense Force is headquartered in Gulu, and oversees several Concentration and Internment Camps that largest of which ahs over 45,000 people. For the last 17 years the mortality rate in northern Uganda has remained as high as the Balkans (Kosovo) at its worst. Since 1986 an estimated 20% of the population in northern Uganda has been killed by small arms and landmines. The death rate is considerably higher if only the Acholi Community is considered. It is estimated that over the last 16 years, one million (1,000,000) members of the Acholi community are dead as a direct or indirect consequence of the war.

    




NIGERIA
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A retired colonel is training 6000 militia in Nigeria's central Taraba State, which is locked in a bloody inter-ethnic feud with neighbouring Benue State, Radio Nigeria reported on Thursday, November 1, 2001.

The radio quoted the commander of the 232 battalion in Yola, Brigadier General D. Yaji, as having told Taraba State Governor Jolly Nyame that that the unnamed retired colonel was training ethnic Tiv militiamen at a location near Takum, a major town in the state. Two weeks ago, Tiv militiamen in Benue State abducted and murdered 19 soldiers deployed to maintain peace along the borders of Benue and Taraba states.

In a reprisal attack, soldiers last week massacred some 200 civilians in some towns and villages in Benue. The army commander also said that ethnic Tivs were still carrying out raids on some villages despite government efforts to halt hostilities, according to the radio report.





    
BURUNDI    

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Peacekeepers Unlikely Before Ceasefire



    
SUDAN    
    
    
    


    
    

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