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AFRICAN UNITY CONFERENCE PAPERS

[1] AISA, 2000
Resolutions of the Africa Institute of South Africa 40th Anniversary
Conference. Conference Coordinators were Hepi Matia and Mamma Swane

Conference title: "A UNITED STATES OF AFRICA!"
Date: TUESDAY 30TH MAY - FRIDAY 2ND JUNE, 2000
Location: Pretoria

PREAMBLE

THE CONFERENCE NOTES with satisfaction the great achievements which
have been made by the African people on the Continent and People of
African descent now in the Diaspora in their struggles against enslavement,
colonial oppression and racial discrimination,

We note that these achievements have been made by the people and their
leaders deciding at each stage what were the tasks before them and
creating the necessary ideologies, theories, programmes and institutions
for the prosecution of the struggles at every appropriate stage.

NOW AWARE that with the victory of the people of Africa, and in
particular, South Africa, over apartheid, the struggle of the people of
Africa and its Diaspora have reached a new stage, and that there are new
demands for the determination of the new tasks ahead of us, we therefore
declare to:

(i)    Commend the Africa Institute of South Africa for its initiative to
hold this conference on the theme: "A United States of Africa!" and call
upon other institutions to emulate this example;

(ii)    Pay homage to and recognize the contribution of the pioneers of
Pan-Africanism and the leaders who advanced the struggles at each stage;

(iii)    Congratulate the people of southern Africa in their achievements
and remind them of the need for them to refocus on new forms of struggle
which can unite the continent and the people in this rapidly globalising
world;

(iv)    Support the idea of the African Renaissance as a historical
concept centred on the need for a spiritual, cultural, political rebirth
and revival of the African peoples cultural heritages, and to call on all
the African people to contribute to the debate and definition of the
concept as part of the task of defining a new political agenda for a
United Africa.

RESOLUTIONS
IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED THAT

1.    The idea of a United States of Africa need to be revisited and
redefined to meet the needs of the moment, and that such redefinition
requires the full involvement of the African masses in its realization;

2.    In this connection there is a need to reconsider the issue of
colonial borders as a basis for African states in the future bearing in
mind that the post-colonial state has become the curse of the African
people.

3.    African traditional forms of law and justice should be revisited
and utilized in solving the intra-ethnic conflicts going on in many
African countries and to establish a project on indigenous knowledge
systems which should be integrated into the educational system from
pre-school to university.

4.    We formulate a code of conduct for copyright and provide
professional ethics which will promote academic and scientific respect
for indigenous knowledge.

5.    We ensure that educational policies seriously address issues and
strategies relevant to continental unity, participation of civil society
in economic and political programmes on continental unity.

6.    We promote continental unity on the basis of regional boundaries
rather than present boundaries of national states.

7.    Representation in the African parliament should be based on
diverse qualification to include politicians, professional specialists and
civil society groups.

8.    Encourage the proposed African Parliament and Union to increase
the participation of women at all levels, i.e. social, economic and
political, as well as involve all stakeholders in decision-making in the
future.

9.    Create regional structures and institutions which will make it
possible to implement the Pan-African Union Resolutions.

10.    Have an African lobby for the realization of the African renai-
ssance in the world outside Africa.

11.    Create national, regional and international media groups to
lobby and give a positive image of Africa.

12.    The Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA) should, in colla-
boration with the African research and social science institutions,
set up a task force to prepare a comprehensive background document on
the creation of an African Union.

13.    In view of the increasing globalisation, regionalism and libe-
ralization of the world economy which pose fundamental challenges to Africa,
Africa should adopt policy measures and implement structures as agenda for
speedy establishment of the African Economic Community to enable Africa to
effectively participate in the global trends that are shaping the internat-
ional economic relations of the 21st century.

14.    Along with the proposed United States of Africa, there should be
established an educational committee on Democratisation, Good
Governance, Human Rights, Accountability and an African Court of Justice.

15.    The regional bodies such as the SADC and the ECOWAS and the
continental bodies such as the proposed United States of Africa should
have unambiguous entry requirements which should serve as incentives to
good governance and the nurturing of democratic institutions in Africa.
This would be another way of ensuring a uniform attitude to political
developments in the respective regions and the continent.

16.    Continental government and its specialized institutions should
have enforcement mechanism on matters which are not a responsibility of
national governments. To avoid conflict, there should be clear guidelines
between local (national) and continental responsibilities.

17.    In order to facilitate the realization of African Renaissance
and Union, the OAU needs to be transformed. In its present form, the OAU is
incapable of promoting real unity.

18.    African governments should be committed to stronger African
political union as a prelude to an economic union.

19.    Aware that no country or region of the world has developed
through free market economy alone, it is hereby resolved that some form of
state involvement in the economy should be recognised and carefully
encouraged to avoid unemployment and to assist marginalized groups.

20.    There should be a collective commitment to protection of African
institutions from foreign destabilising influences.

21.    The OAU and all its member states should establish institutions
and programmes which will promote the realisation of Pan-Africanism.

End

    
    

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