African Unification Front


Essy, Amara

Amara Essy is Past Chair of the Commission of the African Union. His election took place in Lusaka, Zambia on July 9, 2001. Amara Essy had a one year term in which to prepare the transition of both the Organisation of African Unity [OAU] and the African Community [AC] into the African Union [AU]. His term was renewed for another year after the formation of the AU.

Essy was born in Bouake, central Cote d'Ivoire on 20 December 1944. He is a career diplomat and served as Foreign Affairs Minister from 1990 to 1999. He also served as Cote d'Ivoire's permanent UN representative in New York. He was President of the UN Security Council in 1990. Amara Essy is involved in the search for an end to armed conflicts in Angola, Guinea Bissau, Sierra Leone, Chad, Somalia and Liberia.     

Annan, Kofi

Kofi Annan became the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations in 1997. Annan was born in Kumasi, Ghana, on 8 April 1938. He studied at the University of Science and Technology in Kumasi and completed his undergraduate work in economics at Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A., in 1961.

The Secretary-General is fluent in English, French and several African languages. He is married to Nane Annan, of Sweden, a lawyer and artist who has a great interest in understanding the work of the United Nations in the field. Two issues of particular concern to her are HIV/AIDS and education for women. She has also written a book for children about the United Nations. Mr. and Mrs. Annan have three children.

Lumumba, Patrice

Lumumba became the first Prime Minister of the Congo in May 1960, at the head of the MNC [National Congolese Movement] led the Congo to independence a few weeks later on 30 June.

He was born on July 2, 1925, in Onalua or Sancuru or Katako Kombe, in the Kasai, Belgian Congo [now Democratic Republic of Congo]. In December 1957 he called on Africans to unite "irrespective of the frontiers separating us, irrespective of our ethnic differences, in order to make the African continent free and happy, rescued from insecurity, fear and all colonial rule". He was killed in January 1961, while in detention in Katanga province. He is considered the leading martyr for the cause of African unification.

Sankara, Thomas

Thomas Sankara stands out as Africa's leading revolutionary analyst and theorist. The revolution Sankara led between 1983 and 1987 was the most creative and radical alternative to Western-style modernization in Africa. Sankara changed the republic's name from Upper Volta to Burkina Faso after his coup d'etat in 1983.

Sankara was killed in his fourth year as President of Burkina Faso. He was assassinated with several comrades on October 15, 1987 and buried on the roadside. As in the cases of many other revolutionary African leaders, no one has been brought to trial for his murder.

Wade, Abdoulaye

Abdoulaye Wade was one of the most instrumental person behind the formation of the African Union. He is also currently the president of the Republic of Senegal. He has strong views on a range of issues and is outspoken about what he wants for the African Union.

Mr. Wade, a lawyer by trade, is Secretary General of PDS, Senegalese Democratic Party, and has been active in the opposition since 1973. Wade is also a leading member of Liberal International, and is the president of the Organisation of the African Liberal Parties, OPLA. Wade has been in exile and imprisoned several times. He was born in 1927.

Achebe, Chinua

Chinua Achebe is the African Union's best-known novelist. Chinua Achebe was born in Nigeria on November 16, 1930, the fifth of six children of Isaiah and Janet Achebe. His father was a teacher with the Church Missionary Society. He became something of a hero in his village, acquiring the nickname "dictionary" for his knowledge of English.

Throughout a distinguished career he has been a sterling instance of, to borrow his own phrase, “the novelist as teacher,” the sage who offers his readers insights into the “hopes and impediments” that attend human experience. His first work, Things Fall Apart (1958) -- the most widely translated and widely taught African novel – presents a view of traditional Igbo life at the moment of contact with British colonial occupation. The interaction between the two cultures is further explored in Arrow of God through the tragic figure of Ezeulu, the chief priest who foresees but cannot direct the future of his village. In later novels, including A Man of the People and Anthills of the Savannah Achebe satirizes the political, moral, and spiritual corruption bedeviling post-independence Africa. Achebe was director of External Broadcasting in Nigeria from 1961-1966, served as editorial director for many years for two publishing houses, Heinemann’s African Writers Series and Nwankwo-Ifejika, and helped to start Okike: An African Journal of New Writing and the Association of Nigerian Authors. His writing has included political analysis, notably The Trouble with Nigeria, two collections of essays, Morning Yet on Creation Day and Hopes and Impediments, and collections of poetry, short stories and children’s literature. He is emeritus professor of English at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka and is Charles P. Stevenson Professor of Languages and Literature at Bard College.

Soyinka, Wole
Wole Soyinka is among contemporary Africa's greatest writers. In 1986 Wole Soyinka was the Nobel Laureate in Literature. He is also one of the African Union's most imaginative advocates of native culture and of the humane social order it embodies. Born in Western Nigeria in 1934, Soyinka grew up in an Anglican mission compound in Aké. A precocious student, he first attended the parsonage's primary school, where his father was headmaster, and then a nearby grammar school in Abeokuta, where an uncle was principal. Though raised in a colonial, English-speaking environment, Soyinka's ethnic heritage was Yoruba, and his parents balanced Christian training with regular visits to the father's ancestral home in `Isarŕ, a small Yoruba community secure in its traditions.

Soyinka's radical originality in his approach to liberating black Africa from its crippling legacy of European imperialism, earned him a lot of criticism. He envisioned a "New Africa" that would escape its colonial past by grafting the technical advances of the present onto the stock of its own ancient traditions. Native myth, reformulated to accommodate contemporary reality, was to be the foundation of the future, opening the way to "self-retrieval, cultural recollection, [and] cultural security." Soyinka's works aim for a truly de-colonized continent, where an autonomous African culture assimilated only those progressive elements of recent history that were consistent with its own authentic identity.
Morrison, Toni    
Matriarch and winner of the 1993 Nobel Prize for Literature, Toni Morrison is one of today's most celebrated authors. She was appointed Robert F. Goheen Professor in the Council of the Humanities at Princeton University in 1989. She has degrees from Howard and Cornell Universities and has taught at Yale, Bard College and Rutgers University. She has received honorary degrees from many institutions including Harvard, the University of Pennsylvania, Sarah Lawrence, Oberlin, Dartmouth, Yale, Georgetown, Columbia, Brown, the University of Michigan and Universite Paris 7-Denis Diderot.

Her novels include: The Bluest Eye, Sula, Song of Solomon, Tar Baby, Beloved, and Jazz. Her books of essays include Playing in the Dark and, as editor, Race-ing Justice, En-Gendering Power: Essays on Anita Hill, Clarence Thomas and the Construction of Social Reality. She has also written the plays, "Dreaming Emmett" and "Rue and Honey".

P'Bitek, Okot
Okot p'Bitek was born in 1931 in Gulu, the largest town in Acholi in the republic of Uganda. He began writing at an early age. He received a certificate in education from Bristol University, and earned a law degree from University College of Wales at Aberystwyth. In the early 1960's he studied social anthropology at Oxford, and received a B.Litt. He returned to Uganda to teach at Makerere University in Kampala. In 1967, he went to teach at Nairobi University. He died of a liver infection in 1982.

In 1953, he wrote his first novel, Lak Tar (White Teeth). P'Bitek is best known for three verse novels, Song of Lawino (1966), Song of Ocol (1970), and Two Songs (1971). In these works, he told poignant contemporary stories, using Acholi literary devices. In addition to his poetry, he also published works on Acholi culture. He was director of the National Theatre (Uganda) before teaching at University College, Nairobi (1971-78) and the Univ. of Ife in Nigeria (1978-82).
Mandela, Nelson

Nelson Mandela was born on July, 18, 1918 to Henry Gadla Mphakanyigwa and Nasekewi Fanny Mandela in Umtata district, South Africa. After his father's death in 1927, Nelson was sent to live with Jangintaba, a close relative of the family. He began school at Great Place, Mgekezweni and later enrolled at Fort Hare. However, he was expelled and moved to Johannesburg where he became a mine policeman. Jangintaba demanded that he return to school but Nelson refused. Consequently he lost his job but remained in Johannesburg. In 1942, he received his B.A. and then enrolled at the Witwatersrand University in the Faculty of Law. In 1944, he joined the African National Congress (ANC) and married Evelyn. Between 1952 and 1962 , Mandela became president of the Transvaal ANC, set up his legal practice, brought to trial for treason, and was banned from being quoted or published. He has given his life to fighting oppression in South Africa. He has won the Nobel Peace Prize and the presidency of South Africa. However, these rewards have come at a great price. In 1964 he was sentenced to life in prison and he spent twenty-seven years there until his release in 1990. He will long be remembered for his determination towards racial equality and human rights.    
Harriet Ngubane, Member of African Parliament
Harriet Ngubane, 72
Post-graduate studies at Cambridge, professor of social anthropology at the University of Cape Town.
Resident of Pinelands, Western Cape.
Tel: (021) 403-3047 Fax: (021) 685-3791
Tel: (021) 685-5701 Fax: (021) 685-3791
Tel: (021) 461-5501/2 Fax: (021) 461-5517
Cell No: 083 273 8429
Street Address: 3 Benzal House, Barrack Street, Cape Town, 8001

Abdu Katuntu, Member of African Parliament    
Date of birth: 3rd December 1965
Business address: P.O.Box 5789, Kampala
Home address: P.O. Box 2000, Busega. Tel(mobile) 077-685217, (landline) 041-342475
Email address:
Qualification: LL.B (Hons) MUK; Dip. LP LDC
Employment record: Advocate- Katuntu & Co. Advocates(1996-2001); Legal Assistant- Kadaga & Co. Advocates(1991-1996)State Attorney-Ministry of Justice(1991)
Marital Status: Married

Miria Koburunga Matembe, Member of African Parliament    
Date of birth: 28th August 1953
Business address: P.O. Box 7178, Kampala
Home address: Tel (mobile) 077483610 Tel (landline) 256-041-236430 Fax 256888
Email address:
Qualification: LMM, LLB, Post Graduate Diploma in Law LDC
Employment record: Minister of State for Ethics and Integrity(1996-2001); MP(1996-2001); Member-Uganda Constitutional Commission(1989-1992); Senior Lecturer-English and Law, Chartered Institute of Bankers(Kampala)(1983-1989); Lecturer-UCC(1979-1983); State Attorney(1979)
Marital Status: Married with 4 children

Jochan Omach, Member of African Parliament    
Date of birth: 16th April 1953
Business address: P.O. Box 7178 Kampala
Home address: P.O. Box 188, Pakwach. Tel(mobile) 077-674944
Email address:
Qualification: B.A Economics and Social Administration
Employment record: General Manager- UCB(1996-2001); Asst. General Manager- UCB(1991-1995); Chief Manager- UCB(1987-1991); Branch Manager- UCB(1984-1987)
Marital Status: Married

Mike Sebalu, Member of African Parliament
Date of birth: 28th February 1965
Business address: P.O. Box 7178, Kampala
Home address: P.O. Box 5183, Kampala.Tel(mobile)077-212411(landline)041-346555
Email address:
Qualification: Bachelor of Arts Degree (Hons) SS - MUK)
Employment record: 1989-1993 Insurance Manager; 1994-95
Marital Status: Married

Boy Geldenhuys, Member of African Parliament

Telephone Number : (011) 412-1311
Fax Number : (011) 412-1311
Address : PO Box 3481 Randgate 1763
SA Parliament Telephone Number : (021) 403-3108
SA Parliament Fax Number : (021) 461-5329
Cellular Number : 082 413 0411
e-Mail :
SA Parliament Address : PO Box 15 Cape Town 8000
Ndaweni Johannes Mahlangu, Member of African Parliament
Full Names: Ndaweni Johannes Mahlangu
Date of Birth 26 May 1948
Place of Birth Middelburg
Marital status Married, six children (3 sons and 3 daughters)
Education B luris degree with distinction in Civil Procedure, UNISA (1979)
Passed a number of courses towards an LLB degree
Career: 1970 - 1986 Public Prosecutor, Magistrate and Chief Magistrate in Lebowa and KwaNdebele.
1988 Elected into the former KwaNdebele Homeland Government
Served alternatively as Minister of the Departments Justice and Education
1991 & 1994 Active participant at both CODESA and the Multi-Party Negotiations
1994 - 1999 Was deployed by the African National Congress (ANC) as Member of the National Assembly
Served in the Portfolio Committees for Justice & Minerals and Energy.
1999 - March 2002 Served as the Mpumalanga Provincial Chairperson of the African National Congress
AwardsYear 2000 The Premier received an award from Inkomazi Municipality in recognition of his outstanding leadership and loyalty
Year 2001 The Premier received an award from the Mpumalanga Youth Commission for the youth economic empowerment in the province
As Premier of Mpumalanga he received an African Renaissance Sage Award from Africa Imbizo House and the Kings Foundation Trust in recognition of Excellent Service Delivery for Grass Roots Governance and Initiatives
August 2002 The Premier received a PMR Gold Award for an Individual in Political Environment who has done most to achieve a year's goal
September 2002 The Premier received a Certificate of recognition fro the 3rd place on behalf of the Mpumalanga Government for the medium Exhibition for South Africa Ubuntu Village at the United Nation World Summit on Sustainable Development
The Premier received The American Biographical Institute Award for a Man of the Year 2002

Frene Ginwala, Member of African Parliament
Date of Birth: 25 April 1932

 Today's Date: December 3, 2021
 On the Policy Front
 ·  Mbeki Should Reconsider Decision to Relocate African Parliament
 ·  The History of Parliament in Ancient Africa
 ·  The Architecture of Peace and Security in the African Union
 ·  "Lift Every Voice" is the Best Anthem for the African Union
 ·  Sheba is the Right Name for Single African Currency
 ·  AU-EU Relations: Neocolonialism is 50 Years Old
 ·  AUF Wants Moratorium on Weapons Trade in the African Union



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