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May 5, 2003

Last week, NATO Supreme Commander James Jones, a four-star US General, said that the United States plans to boost its troop presence in the African Union, where there are allegedly "large ungoverned areas... that are clearly the new routes of narco-trafficking, terrorists' training and hotbeds of instability." The AUF is opposed to the presence of NATO troops in the African Union.

Gen. James Jones with his wife Diane
Jones was speaking at a Defense Writers Group breakfast, an organization which groups journalists covering the Pentagon. General Jones said he expects Africa to be of greater importance to both NATO and the United States. "The carrier battle groups of the future and the expeditionary strike groups of the future may not spend six months in the Mediterranean Sea, but I'll bet they'll spend half the time going down the West Coast of Africa."

Jones says he wants NATO to establish temporary "forward operating locations" that could be used for brief training periods and for deployments in times of crisis. NATO will debut a prototype quick-reaction force of about 2,000 to 3,000 fighters - encompassing ground, sea and air forces - in October 2003. The largest U.S. troop presence in Africa is located in Djibouti - close to 2,000 soldiers - as part of an anti-terrorism effort in the Red Sea region and the Horn of Africa.

The "command and control ship" USS Mount Whitney is stationed off the coast of Djibouti, from where it is launching helicopters and conducting electronic surveillance of the eastern African Union (Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Sudan, Kenya) and Yemen. This month the US-led Combined Task Force Horn of Africa will relocate off the USS Mt. Whitney, to the base at Camp Lemonier, on the Djibouti mainland.

Gen. Fulford with troops of USEC at the Stuttgart HQ
Almost a year ago, in July 2002, another four-star US General, Carlton Fulford, Deputy Commander of the United States European Command, made a controversial visit to Sao Tome. Following the visit Fulford said that the US would be training the armed forces of Soa Tome. Later the Pentagon played-down his remarks and their implications. However, the new president of Sao Tome, Fradique de Menezes made capital of the fact that General Carlton Fulford had proposed to turn Sao Tome into a US naval base.

NATO has long had interest in Africa. NATO's 50 years of intermittent aggression and intervention policies in Africa have killed millions of Africans.

Beginning in 1954 NATO helped the French to kill Africans by agreeing to let France transfer NATO divisions, and deploy in Africa as it saw fit. NATO also compelled western corporations to halt weapons sales to the Algerian National Liberation Army during the Algerian war for independence.

In 1958 Morocco, Libya and Tunisia turned down a NATO proposal to set up the "West Mediterranean Defense Community". The WMDC would have provided staging bases for a full scale NATO invasion of Sub-Saharan Africa.

In 1959 French Premier Michel Debre thanked NATO for helping France in the Algerian War. Algerians had endured systematic torture, the wholesale execution of prisoners and the killing of over half a million of their friends and relatives.

NATO helped Portugal by supplying weapons during its colonial wars in Africa. In fact the Portuguese punitive operations had their headquarters in NATO offices in Brussels.

For years the NATO Defense College while stationed in Paris conducted a course called "NATO and Black Africa" for training civilian and military experts in the NATO armed forces.

In 1959 NATO considered a plan to set up SATO (the South Atlantic Treaty Organization) to include "friendly" African regimes. According to this plan, SATO would be the structure with which NATO could organise military intervention in any part of Africa. The SATO plan failed.

In 1960 and 1964 NATO intervened in the Congo to assist Belgium. After the NATO Council meeting in November 1964, they authorized troops to put down an uprising in Kivu. NATO officers led paratroopers that included US Air Force Units, and Belgian Commandoes. Furthermore, the same operation prepared Ascension island for staging the Kivu intervention, and for use in the subsequent operation to crush the Congolese rebellion (also known as the Simba Rebellion).

In response to Portuguese demands for help NATO set up in 1966, the Iberian Atlantic Command (IAC), headed by a US Admiral. US, British, and West German fighter planes began reconnaissance flights from supposedly Portuguese territories in Africa. NATO warships began large-scale naval excercises off the African coast. West Germany supplied weapons to help Portugal's colonial war. These included Military Aircraft, 10,000 sub-machine guns, and Mercedes trucks. Germany ignored UN resolutions against its involvement.

In 1967 the North Atlantic Council put in place protocol to ensure NATO members hold mutual consultations, "informing each other of their policy intentions" towards African countries. Apparently the US did not want to be kept out of the loop.

In 1969, NATO tried to set up a combined African command under the OAU that would be staffed by Western instructors, and officers. NATO also tried to set up a special African Staff College for training African officers and for all African armies. The armies were then supposed to crush national movements and leftist rebels. At the time NATO seriously considered "brainwashing" as an officer training technique. The African leaders who were approached to help set up this farce politely refused.

The failure of NATOs "subtle" attempts forced them to abandon the SATO and use NATO bluntly (in the Congo, Angola, Chad especially). At that time Robert Lee Dennison, Commander of Allied Command Atlantic redefined NATO to include areas in the Atlantic "north of the Tropic of Cancer". This was supported by the Portuguese government of course. In fact Portugal demanded that NATO include the South Atlantic area (in order to involve NATO more directly in its African colonies).

When the Portuguese dictatorship collapsed in April 1974, NATO shifted emphasis to help Apartheid SA to militarily dominate Africa. In their first NATO operation the South Africans tried to capture Luanda (Angola), using US controlled military units of Africans. When this failed South Africa actually invaded Angola, repeatedly and using NATO supplies.

In 1977-78 NATO intervened in Shaba province, Congo, to quash an "insurrection" by Africans. Washington provided the operation with military equipment, while the French supplied transport planes for the troops. Paratroops from the US, Britain, Belgiam, France, and under NATO pressure Morocco, Egypt, and Senegal went on the operation.

On March 5, 1979, Asst. Sec. for African Affairs, Richard Moose declared: "Zaire's geopolitical and economic weight in African scales is significant...We must not forget that Zaire is the world's leading producer of cobalt and industrial diamonds...Our policy and actions are designed to ...protect and enhance US business there."


NATO strategists considered the option of using mercenaries to be productive when SA failed to deliver Africa to them during the Cold War era. In the Congo and Angola, infamous NATO army veterans such as Colonel Carpenter, destroyed everything in their path. They killed people and animals, and stole equipment from hospitals and schools to use in their bases in Namibia.

The main conduit for NATO mercenary operations is the CIA. The chief publication for mercenary recruitment is "Soldier of Fortune" magazine set up by the CIA in 1975. The magazine helps to coordinate mercenary meetings. Its first editor-in-chief was a lieutenant-colonel in the US Special Forces [the Green Berets]. The mercenary phenomenon in Africa is a NATO project.


French military divisions (while pursuing a policy of rapprochement with NATO) intervened 4 times in Chad between 1969 and 1983. With NATO's cooperation, the French have instigated coups d'etats in all parts of Africa.

The policies of neocolonial interventions have resulted in coups, civil wars, religious and social contradictions between communities, and bloody violence is the goal.

The OAU 1979 conference on Chad that was held in Nigeria concluded that "in order to normalise the situation, it would first be necessary to secure non-interference" from Europe. At one point France and the US had deployed thousands of troops in all of Chad's major cities and towns.

IN 1984 France was pressured to withdraw from Chad, however, France left their war planes in Chad, and NATO insisted that French troops should have stayed.

Now NATO wants to occupy Africa, in order to control "hotbeds of instability" that NATO has been making since 1954. Moreover, NATO continues to support Spain in its occupation of the Ceuta and Melilla, both of which are located on the African mainland. Spain (and by extension, the EU) is the last remaining European state with colonies on the mainland Africa.